Official name: The Republic of Yemen (al-Jumhuriya al-Yamaniya).
The Republic of Yemen lies in the south-west of the Arabian Peninsula. It was founded in 1990, when North and South Yemen merged. Throughout history, some of the region’s territories formed an administrative unity.
They were broken up in the first half of the 19th century, when Great Britain settled in the important port city of Aden (gaining the status of British Crown Colony between 1937 and 1963) and extended control over the entire southern part of Yemen (consisting of a number of protectorates).
The British ceded ‘South Yemen’ 128 years later. For its part, the northern part of Yemen was formally part of the Ottoman Empire until the end of World War I, after which it became an independent statehood.
Yemen’s native population is the largest of all the states on the Arabian Peninsula. At the same time, it is the poorest of all Arab states. Developments in Yemen accordingly bear greater weight on developments on the Arabian Peninsula.