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Facts & Figures

United Arab Emirates

Political leadership

United Arab Emirates President Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan

President and Ruler of Abu Dhabi Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (since 3 November 2004)

Vice-President, Prime Minister & Ruler of Dubai Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (since 5 January 2006)

Land

total: 83,600 sq km

Boundaries

total: 867 km

Border countries

Oman 410 km, Saudi Arabia 457 km

Coastline

1,318 km

Population

5,779,760 (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 113) Note: 90% of the population is non-national

Age structure

0-14 years: 20.9% 15-64 years: 78.1% 65+ 1% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

2.6% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 85.5 % of total population (2015 est.) rate of urbanisation: 2.9% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Dubai 2.41 million, Sharjah 1.3 million, Abu Dhabi (capital) 1.15 million (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab 48.1%, South Asian 35.7%, Iranian 5%, Filipino 3.4%, European 2.4%, other 5.4% (2000)

Religions

Muslim (official) 76%, Christian 9%, other (including Buddhist, Hindu) 15%

Languages

Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 93.8% male: 93.1% female: 95.8% (2005 est.)

GDP

$641.9 billion (2015 est.) $623.2 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

3% (2015 est.) 4.6% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$67,000 (2015 est.) $66,300 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 2.1% (2001 est.), youth (15-24) 12.1% (2008 est.)

Population below poverty line

19.5% (2003 est.)

Public debt

52.1% of GDP (2015 est.) 45.4% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

3.7% (2015)