Results for Tag: Syria
Based on the Alexandria Protocol of 1944, the League of Arab States – commonly referred to as the Arab League – was founded in Cairo on 22 March 1945. In its charter, the founding members of the Arab League (Egypt, Syria, Transjordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, and Yemen) stated that the purpose of the League is ‘to draw closer the relations between member States and co-ordinate their political activities.
Based on the Alexandria Protocol of 1944, the League of Arab States – commonly referred to as the Arab League – was founded in Cairo on 22 March 1945. In its charter, the founding members of the Arab League (Egypt, Syria, Transjordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, and Yemen) stated that the purpose of the League is ‘to draw closer the relations between member States and co-ordinate their political activities with the aim of realizing a close collaboration between them, to safeguard their independence and sovereignty, and to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the Arab countries’, seeking collaboration on matters of economics, communication, culture, nationality, social welfare, and health.
The contested Syrian president, Bashar al-Assad, was reelected on 3 June 2014 for a third seven-year term, despite widespread local and international opposition to his remaining in power. The election took place amid a bloody three-year conflict that has killed approximately 160,000 people, displaced about 6.5 million within Syria, and prompted almost three million to flee the country.
Iraq sent more than one million refugees across the border to Syria during the first decade of this century, but now, in a reversal of roles, Iraq is receiving refugees from Syria. The majority of the more than 219,000 Syrians registered as refugees by UNHCR in Iraq as of 30 March 2014 reside in the Kurdistan province of Duhok, mostly in Domiz camp.
When the Syrian protests erupted in March 2011, most Palestinian refugees initially remained on the sidelines, although a small number joined the protests against President Bashar Assad. As the regime began to use heavy violence against protesters and shelled cities, the popular uprising escalated into armed resistance against the Syrian regime. With battles taking place in the outskirts of Damascus, many Syrian residents from the shelled neighbourhoods sought refuge in the Yarmouk refugee camp, which first remained a relative safe haven away from the violence.
The Geneva II Middle East peace conference is a series of rounds of international negotiation supported by the United Nations and aimed at ending the Syrian crisis that has continued since the outbreak of the revolution against the ruling al-Assad regime in Syria, in 2011. Geneva II focuses on bringing together the Syrian regime and the Syrian opposition at the same table to find a peaceful solution to the Syrian crisis and creating a transitional government to manage the country until free elections can be held and a new Syrian government formed.
Because the Libyan national identity was weak when Gaddafi took over and because he and his close supporters were enthusiasts for Arab nationalism, Gaddafi tried repeatedly to create unions between Libya and other countries. Brief theoretical unions were set up with Egypt and Syria (1971, Federation of Arab Republics); Sudan; Tunisia (1974, Arab Islamic Republic); Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, and Mauritania (1989, Arab Maghreb Union, a planned free-trade bloc).