Egypt’s post-2011 media experience both under elected Islamist President Mohamed Morsi (2012-2013) and even more so after army commander general Abdel Fattah al-Sisi took power in 2013, has been characterized by harsh restrictions upon freedom of expression and a return to a culture of enforced obedience in the print and television industries.
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After the 2011 revolution and the ouster of the Gaddafi regime, the transitional government opted to abolish the main newspapers of the Gaddafi era and establish new ones. Private print publications, websites, television and radio stations began to emerge rapidly in this new era of media openness. However, the country’s subsequent civil war and ongoing conflicts have led to a chaotic media environment.
The Islamic State sustains itself by using diverse and sophisticated financing strategies. IS was able to develop a qualitative economic system that relies on diverse sources of income and significantly minimize its reliance on foreign donations that even the mother organization of Al-Qa’ida used to rely on.
Ever since Hadi took over the presidency, things went wrong. Despite some reshuffles in the leadership of the armed forces, he did not manage to get rid of the remains of the Saleh-clan. Instead, he started appointing his own family members and cronies to strategic positions. It made the Yemeni’s doubt his sincerity and leadership skills.
Human rights violations fall into five main areas: freedom of association, peaceful assembly and protest, freedom of speech, women’s rights, minority rights and accountability for past crimes. In sum, human rights in Algeria are frequently violated and the government seems deaf to the repeated calls to remedy the situation.
Protests have erupted across Morocco over the death of a fish seller. Protestors were shocked by the circumstances surrounding Fikri’s death, which was filmed on a mobile phone and posted online. An image of the lifeless victim’s head and arm protruding from the truck’s compacting mechanism went viral.