Since the Arab Spring in 2011, a new wave of refugees has fled from war and death in the Greater Middle East (GME) region. They are mainly from Syria...
In this Special File, Fanack presents in-depth insight into several topics concerning the conflict, including Arab-Israeli negotiations, Arab-Israeli wars, Palestinian refugees, and Jewish settlements.
The Kurds, constitute one of the oldest nations of the Middle East, as well as the largest nation in the world without their own country. They are in the spotlight since 2014 as they fiercely defend their territory against attacks by the IS.
In 2015, the “War on Terror” has been far from successful. The chaos that prevailed in some Arab countries following the so-called Arab Spring also…
Iraq-Iran War (1980-1988)
Taking advantage of the confusion and chaos surrounding the change of power in Iran after 1979, Saddam Hussein’s regime hoped to fill the regional power vacuum that had been created. On September 1980, the Iraq-Iran War broke out.
Christians in the Middle East
The percentage of Christians in the Middle East has been declining for decades. Their numbers now reflect a drop from 20 per cent in the early 20th century to five per cent in recent years. Analysts attribute this to three main causes: low birth rate, emigration, and ethnic and religious persecution.
The six states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) have been employing armies of construction labourers, mainly from Asia—India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal—to build the huge projects that these countries are so well known for and that are used to build them an image of modern, progressive nations.
Role of the GCC
Leaders of the Gulf States felt an urgency to join forces after they were challenged by the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran and its possible spillover in the region. On 26 May 1981, in Abu Dhabi the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Charter was signed by the heads of state of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Preparing coming generations for the future has long been a challenge in the Middle East. Although education budgets have been increasing, illiteracy remains relatively high in the region, especially among women. Fanack’s authors have been asked to highlight the present state of education in the Gulf, Jordan, and Egypt.