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Facts & Figures

Saudi Arabia

Political leadership

Saudi Arabia Prince Charles official visit to Saudi Arabia - 10 Feb 2015

King and Prime Minister Salman bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 23 January 2015)

Crown Prince and Deputy Prime Minister Mohammed bin Nayef bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 29 April 2015)

Land

total: 2,149,690 sq km

Boundaries

total: 4,431 km

Border countries

Iraq 814 km Jordan 744 km Kuwait 222 km
Oman 676 km Qatar 60 km UAE 457 km
Yemen 1,458 km

Coastline

2,640 km

Population

27,752,316 (2015 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 27% 15-64 years: 69.7% 65+ 3.2% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.46% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 83.1% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 2.1% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Riyadh (capital) 6.2 million (2013 est.), Jeddah 4.08 million, Mecca 1.8 million, Medina 1.28 million, al-Dammam 1.06 million (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%

Religions

Muslim (official) 100%

Languages

Arabic (official)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 94.7% male: 97% female: 91.1% (2015 est.)

GDP

$1.679 trillion (2015 est.) $1.625 trillion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

3.3% (2015 est.) 3.6% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$55,400 (2015 est.) $54,200 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 11.4% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 29.5% (2013 est.)

Population below poverty line

NA

Public debt

7.8% of GDP (2015 est.) 9.3% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

2.1% (2015 est.)