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Facts & Figures

Palestine

Political leadership

Palestine President Mahmud Abbas

President Mahmoud Abbas (2005-June 2014 West Bank since June 2014 West Bank and Gaza)

Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah (June 2013-June 2014 West Bank; since June 2014 West Bank and Gaza)

Land

West Bank total 5,860 sq km; Note: includes West Bank, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Israel in 1967 Gaza Strip total 360 sq km

Boundaries

Gaza Strip: 62 km West Bank: 404 km

Border countries

West Bank: Israel 307 km, Jordan 97 km; Gaza Strip: Egypt 11 km, Israel 51 km

Coastline

West Bank: 0 km Gaza Strip: 40 km

Population

Gaza Strip: 1,869,055 (2015 est.), country comparison to the world: 152 West Bank: 2,785,366 (2015 est.), country comparison to the world: 142

Age structure

Gaza Strip:
0-14 years: 42.6% 15-64 years: 54.6% 65+ 2.7% (2015 est.)
West Bank:
0-14 years: 33% 15-64 years: 63% 65+ 3.9% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

Gaza Strip: 2.8% (2015 est.) West Bank: 1.95% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Gaza Strip & West Bank Urban population: 75.3% of total population (2015) Rate of urbanisation: 2.8% annual rate of change (2005-2010 est.)

Major cities

Gaza Strip: Gaza City 588,033, Khan Yunis 320,835, Rafah 210,166 (2013 est.) West Bank: East Jerusalem (projected capital) 404,165, Nablus 364,333, Ramallah 328,811 (2013 est.)

Ethnic groups

Gaza Strip: Palestinian Arab West Bank: Palestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%

Religions

Gaza Strip: Muslim 99% (mostly Sunni), Christian 1% West Bank: Muslim 80-85% (mostly Sunni), Jewish 12-14%, Christian 1-2.5%

Languages

Arabic, Hebrew (Jewish settlers), English (widely understood)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write - West Bank and Gaza) total population: 96.5% Male: 97.9% Female: 92.6% (2015)

GDP

West Bank only $21.22 billion (2014 est.) $20.15 billion (2013 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

Gaza Strip -15.2% (2014 est.) 5.6% (2013 est.) West Bank 5.3% (2014 est.) 1% (2013 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

West Bank only $4,300 (2014 est.) $4,400 (2013 est.)

Unemployment rate

Gaza Strip total 43.9% (2014 est.) West Bank total 17.7% (2014 est.) youth (15-24) 41% (2013 est. West Bank and Gaza Strip combined)

Population below poverty line

Gaza Strip: 30% (2011 est.) West Bank: 18% (2011 est.)

Public debt

24.4% of GDP (2014 est.) 23.8% of GDP (2013 est.)

Inflation rate

1.2% (2014 est.)