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Facts & Figures

Kuwait

Political leadership

Kuwait Emir Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah

Emir Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (since 29 January 2006)

Prime Minister Jabir al-Mubarak al-Hamad al-Sabah (since 30 November 2011)

Land

total: 17,818 sq km

Boundaries

462 km

Border countries

Iraq 240 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km

Coastline

499 km

Population

4,183,658 (69% non-nationals) (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 141)

Age structure

0-14 years: 25.3% 15-64 years: 72.4% 65+ 2.3% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.62% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 98.3% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 3.6% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Kuwait City (capital) 2.78 million (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Kuwaiti 31.3%, other Arab 27.9%, Asian 37.8%, African 1.9%, other 1.1% (2013 est.)

Religions

Muslim (official) 76.7 %, Christians 17.3%, other 5.9%

Languages

Arabic (official), English

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 96.3% male: 96.5% female: 95.8% (2015 est.)

GDP

$288.8 billion (2015 est.) $285.4 million (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

1.2% (2015 est.) 0.1% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$72,200 (2015 est.) $71,400 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 3% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 14.6% (2011 est.)

Population below poverty line

N/A

Public debt

9.5% of GDP (2015 est.) 6.5% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

3.4% (2015 est.)