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Facts & Figures

Israel

Political leadership

Israel Minister Benyamin Netanyahu President Reuven Rivlin (since 27 July 2014)

Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu (since 31 March 2009)

Land

total: 20,770 sq km

Boundaries

total: 1,374 km

Border countries

Egypt 266 km Gaza Strip 51 km Jordan 238 km
Lebanon 79 km Syria 76 km West Bank 307 km

Coastline

273 km

Population

8,049,314 (2015) (country comparison to the world: 99) Note: including Israeli settlers living in Golan Heights 20,500; East Jerusalem: 211,640 (2014 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 27.95% 15-64 years: 74.07% 65+ 10.85% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.56% (2015)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 92.1% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 1.37 % annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Jerusalem (capital) 839,00; Tel Aviv-Yafo (Jaffa) 3.6 million; Haifa 1.09 million (2015)

Ethnic groups

Jewish 75% (of which Israel-born 74.4%, Europe/America/Oceania-born 17.4%, Africa-born 5.1%, Asia-born 3.1%, non-Jewish (mostly Arab) 25% (2013)

Religions

Jewish 75%, Muslim 17.5%, Christian 2%, Druze 1.6%, other 3.9% (2013)

Languages

Hebrew (official), Arabic, English (most commonly used foreign language)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population 97.8% male 98.7%, female 96.8% (2011 est.)

GDP

$281.8 billion (2015 est.) $274.8 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

2.5% (2015 est.) 2.6% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$34,300 (2015 est.) $33,500 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 5.6% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 10.5% (2013 est.)

Population below poverty line

22% (2014); Israel's poverty line is $7.30 per person per day

Public debt

64.4% of GDP (2015 est.) 65.9% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

-0.6% (2015 est.)