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Facts & Figures

Iraq

Political leadership

Iraq

pr_Iraq

President Fuad Masoum (since 24 July 2014)

Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi (since September 2014)

Land

total: 438,317 sq km

Boundaries

total: 3,650 km

Border countries

Iran 1,458 km Jordan 181 km Kuwait 240 km
Saudi Arabia 814 km Syria 605 km Turkey 352 km

Coastline

58 km

Population

37,056,169 million (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 37)

Age structure

0-14 years: 40.3% 15-64 years: 56.4% 65+ 3.3% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

2.93% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 69.5% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 3% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Baghdad (capital) 6.64 million; Mosul 1.7 million; Erbil 1.17 million; Basra 1.02 million; Sulaymaniya 1 million; Najaf 889,000 (2015)

Ethnic groups

Arab 75-80%, Kurdish 15-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%

Religions

Muslim (official) 99 % (Shia 60-65%, Sunni 32-37 %), Christian or other 1%

Languages

Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkmen (Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 79.7% male 85.7% female: 73.7% (2015 est.)

GDP

$531.4 billion (2015 est.) $531.2 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

0% (2015 est.) -2.1% (2014 est.) 6.6% (2013 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$15,500 (2015 est.) $15,500 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

16% (2012 est.)

Population below poverty line

19.8% (2012)

Public debt

37% of GDP (2014 est.) 31.3% of GDP (2013 est.) 33.5% of GDP (2012 est.)

Inflation rate

1.8% (2015 est.)