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Facts & Figures

Algeria

Political leadership

Algeria President Abdelaziz Bouteflika

President Abdelaziz Bouteflika (since 28 april 1999)

Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal (since 28 April 2014)

Land

total: 2,381,741 sq km

Boundaries

total: 6,343 km

Border countries

Libya 982 km Mali 1,376 km Mauritania 463 km
Morocco 1,559 km Niger 956 km Tunisia 965 km
Western Sahara 42 km

Coastline

998 km

Population

39,542,166 (July 2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 34)

Age structure

0-14 years: 28.75% 15-64 years: 65.9% 65+: 5.53% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.84% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 70.7% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 2.77% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities

Algiers (capital) 2.594 million; Oran 858,000 (2015)

Ethnic groups

Arab-Berber 99%, European 1%

Religions

Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99 %, Christian and Jewish 1%

Languages

Arabic (official), French (lingua franca), Berber dialects: Kabylie Berber (Tamazight), Chaouia Berber (Tachawit), Mzab Berber, Tuareg Berber (Tamahaq)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 80.2% male 87.2% female 73.1% (2015 est.)

GDP

$570.6 billion (2015 est.) $554 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

3% (2015 est.) 3.8% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$14,400 (2015 est.) $14,000 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 11% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 24.8% (2013 est.)

Population below poverty line

23% (2006 est.)

Public debt

9.3% of GDP (2015 est.) 7.2% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

8.9% (2012 est.)

Bahrain

Political leadership

Bahrain King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa

King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa (since 1999, king since 2002)

Prime Minister Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa (since 1971)

Land

total: 760 sq km

Boundaries

total: 0 km

Border countries

no direct borders sea border countries: Saudi Arabia, Qatar

Coastline

161 km

Population

1,346,613 (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 156)

Age structure

0-14 years: 19.5% 15-64 years: 77.8% 65+: 2.8% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

2.4% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 88.8% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 1.7% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Manama (capital) 411,000 (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Bahraini 46%, non-Bahraini 54% (2010 est.)

Religions

Muslim (Shia and Sunni) 70.3%; Christian 14.5%; other 15.2% (2010 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official), English, Farsi, Urdu

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 95.7% male: 96.9% female: 93.5% (2015 est.)

GDP

$64.9 billion (2015 est.) $62.78 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

3.4% (2015 est.) 4.5% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$51,200 (2015 est.) $49,500 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 4.1% (2014 est.), youth (15-24) 5.3% (2012 est.)

Population below poverty line

N/A

Public debt

66.7% of GDP (2015 est.) 43.8% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

2% (2015 est.)

Egypt

Political leadership

Egypt President Abdul Fatah al-Sisi President Abd al-Fattah al-Sisi (since 8 June 2014)

Prime Minister Sherif Ismail (since 12 September 2015)

Land

total: 1,001,450 sq km land: 995,450 sq km water: 6,000 sq km

Boundaries

total: 2,665 km 2,665 km

Border countries

Gaza Strip 11 km Israel 266 km
Libya 1,115 km Sudan 1,273 km

Coastline

2,450 km

Population

88,487,396 (July 2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 16)

Age structure

0-14 years: 31.9% 15-64 years: 62.9% 65+: 5.1% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.79% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 43.1% of the total population (2015) Rate of urbanisation: 1.68% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Cairo (capital) 18.772 million, Alexandria 4.778 million (2015)

Ethnic groups

Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4%

Religions

Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%; Coptic 9%; other Christian 1%

Languages

Arabic (official)

Literacy

(Age 15+ can read and write) total population: 73.8% male: 82.2%, female: 65.4% (2015 est.)

GDP

$996 billion (2015 est.) $955.9 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

4.2% (2015 est.) 2.2% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$11,500 (2015 est.) $11,000 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 12.8%, youth (15-24) 34.3% (2015 est.)

Population below poverty line

26.3% (2012)

Public debt

91.7% of GDP (2015 est.) 93.7% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

10.4% (2015 est.)

Iran

Political leadership

Iran

Khamenei

Supreme Leader Ali Hosseini Khamenei (since 4 June 1989)

President Hassan Rouhani (since 3 August 2013)

First Vice President Eshaq Jahangiri (since 5 August 2013)

Land

total: 1,648,195 sq km

Boundaries

total: 5,440 km

Border countries

Afghanistan 936 km Armenia 35 km Azerbaijan proper 432 km
Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave 179 km Iraq 1,458 km Pakistan 909 km
Turkey 499 km Turkmenistan 992 km

Coastline

2,440 km Note: Iran also borders the Caspian Sea (740 km)

Population

81,824,270 (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 17)

Age structure

0-14 years: 23.7% 15-64 years: 71% 65+ 5.3% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.2 % (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 73.4% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 2.07% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Tehran (capital) 8.4 million; Mashhad 3 million; Esfahan 1.8 million; Karaj 1.8 million; Shiraz 1.7 million; Tabriz 1.6 million (2015)

Ethnic groups

Persian 61%, Azeri 16%, Kurd 10%, Lur 6%, Baloch 2%, Arab 2%, Turkmen and Turkic tribes 2 %, other 1%

Religions

Muslim (state religion) 99.4% (Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%), other (incl. Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, Baha'i) 0.3% (2011 est.)

Languages

Persian (official), Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects, Kurdish, Gilaki and Mazandarani, Luri , Balochi, Arabic, other 2%

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 86.8% male: 91.2 % female: 82.5 % (2015 est.)

GDP

$1.382 trillion (2015 est.) $1.37 trillion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

0.8% (2015 est.) 4.3% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$17,800 (2015 est.) $17,600 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 10.5% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 28.7% (2010 est.)

Population below poverty line

18.7 % (2007 est.)

Public debt

13.2% of GDP (2015 est.) 10.7% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

15.3% (2015 est.)

Iraq

Political leadership

Iraq

pr_Iraq

President Fuad Masoum (since 24 July 2014)

Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi (since September 2014)

Land

total: 438,317 sq km

Boundaries

total: 3,650 km

Border countries

Iran 1,458 km Jordan 181 km Kuwait 240 km
Saudi Arabia 814 km Syria 605 km Turkey 352 km

Coastline

58 km

Population

37,056,169 million (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 37)

Age structure

0-14 years: 40.3% 15-64 years: 56.4% 65+ 3.3% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

2.93% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 69.5% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 3% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Baghdad (capital) 6.64 million; Mosul 1.7 million; Erbil 1.17 million; Basra 1.02 million; Sulaymaniya 1 million; Najaf 889,000 (2015)

Ethnic groups

Arab 75-80%, Kurdish 15-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%

Religions

Muslim (official) 99 % (Shia 60-65%, Sunni 32-37 %), Christian or other 1%

Languages

Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkmen (Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 79.7% male 85.7% female: 73.7% (2015 est.)

GDP

$531.4 billion (2015 est.) $531.2 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

0% (2015 est.) -2.1% (2014 est.) 6.6% (2013 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$15,500 (2015 est.) $15,500 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

16% (2012 est.)

Population below poverty line

19.8% (2012)

Public debt

37% of GDP (2014 est.) 31.3% of GDP (2013 est.) 33.5% of GDP (2012 est.)

Inflation rate

1.8% (2015 est.)

Israel

Political leadership

Israel Minister Benyamin Netanyahu President Reuven Rivlin (since 27 July 2014)

Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu (since 31 March 2009)

Land

total: 20,770 sq km

Boundaries

total: 1,374 km

Border countries

Egypt 266 km Gaza Strip 51 km Jordan 238 km
Lebanon 79 km Syria 76 km West Bank 307 km

Coastline

273 km

Population

8,049,314 (2015) (country comparison to the world: 99) Note: including Israeli settlers living in Golan Heights 20,500; East Jerusalem: 211,640 (2014 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 27.95% 15-64 years: 74.07% 65+ 10.85% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.56% (2015)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 92.1% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 1.37 % annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Jerusalem (capital) 839,00; Tel Aviv-Yafo (Jaffa) 3.6 million; Haifa 1.09 million (2015)

Ethnic groups

Jewish 75% (of which Israel-born 74.4%, Europe/America/Oceania-born 17.4%, Africa-born 5.1%, Asia-born 3.1%, non-Jewish (mostly Arab) 25% (2013)

Religions

Jewish 75%, Muslim 17.5%, Christian 2%, Druze 1.6%, other 3.9% (2013)

Languages

Hebrew (official), Arabic, English (most commonly used foreign language)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population 97.8% male 98.7%, female 96.8% (2011 est.)

GDP

$281.8 billion (2015 est.) $274.8 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

2.5% (2015 est.) 2.6% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$34,300 (2015 est.) $33,500 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 5.6% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 10.5% (2013 est.)

Population below poverty line

22% (2014); Israel's poverty line is $7.30 per person per day

Public debt

64.4% of GDP (2015 est.) 65.9% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

-0.6% (2015 est.)

Jordan

Political leadership

Jordan King Abdullah II bin al-Hussein

King Abdullah II bin al-Hussein (since 1999)

Prime Minister Hani al-Mulki (since 29 May 2016)

Land

total: 89,342 sq km

Boundaries

total: 1,635 km

Border countries

Iraq 181 km Israel 238 km Saudi Arabia 744 km
Syria 375 km West Bank 97 km

Coastline

26 km

Population

8,117,564 (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 98)

Age structure

0-14 years: 35.4% 15-64 years: 60.7% 65+ 3.9% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

0.83% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 83.7% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 3.79% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Amman (capital) 1.155 million (2015 est.) Greater Amman area 2,473,400; Az Zarqa 951,800; Irbid 460,090 (2012)

Ethnic groups

Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%

Religions

Sunni Muslim (official) 97.2 %, Christian 6% (of which the majority Greek Orthodox), other 2.2% (Shia Muslim, Druze) (2010 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official), English (among upper and middle classes)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 95.4%; male: 97.7% female: 92.9% (2015 est).

GDP

$82.99 billion (2015 est.) $80.69 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

2.9% (2015 est.) 3.1% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$12,400 (2015 est.) $12,100 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 13% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 29.3% (2004 est.)

Population below poverty line

13% (2008 est.)

Public debt

79.2% of GDP (2015 est.) 80.8% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

-0.7% (2015 est.)

Kuwait

Political leadership

Kuwait Emir Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah

Emir Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (since 29 January 2006)

Prime Minister Jabir al-Mubarak al-Hamad al-Sabah (since 30 November 2011)

Land

total: 17,818 sq km

Boundaries

462 km

Border countries

Iraq 240 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km

Coastline

499 km

Population

4,183,658 (69% non-nationals) (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 141)

Age structure

0-14 years: 25.3% 15-64 years: 72.4% 65+ 2.3% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.62% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 98.3% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 3.6% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Kuwait City (capital) 2.78 million (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Kuwaiti 31.3%, other Arab 27.9%, Asian 37.8%, African 1.9%, other 1.1% (2013 est.)

Religions

Muslim (official) 76.7 %, Christians 17.3%, other 5.9%

Languages

Arabic (official), English

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 96.3% male: 96.5% female: 95.8% (2015 est.)

GDP

$288.8 billion (2015 est.) $285.4 million (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

1.2% (2015 est.) 0.1% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$72,200 (2015 est.) $71,400 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 3% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 14.6% (2011 est.)

Population below poverty line

N/A

Public debt

9.5% of GDP (2015 est.) 6.5% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

3.4% (2015 est.)

Lebanon

Political leadership

Lebanon

TammamSalam

President (vacant since 25 May 2014)

Prime Minister Tammam Salam (since 6 April 2013)

Land

total 10,400 sq km

Boundaries

total: 454 km

Border countries

Israel 79 km, Syria 375 km

Coastline

225 km

Population

6,184,701 (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 109)

Age structure

0-14 years: 25% 15-64 years: 68.4% 65+ 6.6% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

0.86% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 87.8% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 3.2% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Beirut (capital) 2.23 million (2015)

Ethnic groups

Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%

Religions

Muslim 54% (27% Shia, 27% Sunni), Christian 40.5% (21% Maronite Catholic, 8% Greek Orthodox, 5% Greek Catholic, 6.5% other), Druze 5.6%

Languages

Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 93.9% male: 96% female: 91.8% (2015 est.)

GDP

$83.86 billion (2015 est.) $82.22 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

2% (2015 est.) 2% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$18,600 (2015 est.) $18,200 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 6.4% (2014 est.), youth (15-24) 22.1% (2007 est.)

Population below poverty line

28.6% (2004 est.)

Public debt

138.8% of GDP (2015 est.) 135.4% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

-3.5% (2015 est.)

Libya

Political leadership

Libya

Chairman of the High Council of State Abdulrahman Asswehly (since 6 April 2016)

Prime Minister and Chairman of the Presidential Council of the National Unity Government Fayez al-Sarraj (since 30 March 2016)

Prime Minister of the Interim Government Abdullah Al-Thanni (Acting from 11 August 2015)

Prime Miniter of the National Salvation Government Khalifa al-Ghawil (acting from 31 March 2015)

Land

total: 1,759,540 sq km

Boundaries

total: 4,348 km

Border countries

Algeria 982 km Chad 1,055 km Egypt 1,115 km
Niger 354 km Sudan 383 km Tunesia 459 km

Coastline

1,770 km

Population

6,411,776 (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 108)

Age structure

0-14 years: 26.5% 15-64 years: 69.4% 65+ 4.1%

Population growth rate

2.23% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 78.6% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 1.13% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Tripoli (capital) 1.126 million (2015)

Ethnic groups

Berber and Arab 97%; other 3% (including Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, Tunisians)

Religions

Sunni Muslim (state religion) 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, other 0,7%

Languages

Arabic (official), Italian, English (widely understood in the major cities); Berber (Nafusi, Ghadamis, Suknah, Awjilah, Tamasheq)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 91% male: 96.7% female: 85.6% (2015 est.)

GDP

$92.87 billion (2015 est.) $98.9 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

-6.1% (2015 est.) -24% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$15,100 (2015 est.) $16,000 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 19%, youth (15-24) 48.7% (2012 est.)

Population below poverty line

N/A

Public debt

6.6% of GDP (2015 est.) 6.6% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

12.1% (2015 est.)

Morocco

Political leadership

Morocco King Mohammed VI

King Mohammed VI (since 23 July 1999)

Prime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane (since 29 November 2011)

Land

total: 446,550 sq km

Boundaries

total: 2,017.9 km

Border countries

Algeria 1,559 km Western Sahara 443 km
Spain (Ceuta) 6.3 km Spain (Melilla) 9.6 km

Coastline

1,835 km

Population

33,322,699 (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 40)

Age structure

0-14 years: 26.4% 15-64 years: 67.2% 65+ 6.4% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 60.2% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 2.26% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Casablanca 3.515 million, Rabat (capital) 1.97 million, Fes 1.17 million, Marrakech 1.13 million, Tanger 982,000 (2015)

Ethnic groups

Arab-Berber 99%, other 1%

Religions

Muslim (official) 99%, Christian 1%, Jewish (around 6,000) (2010 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official), Berber languages (Tamazight (official), Tachelhit, Tarifit), French (often language of business, government and diplomacy)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 68.5% male: 78.6% female: 58.8% (2015)

GDP

$274.1 billion (2015 est.) $261.8 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

4.7% (2015 est.) 2.4% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$8,300 (2015 est.) $7,900 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 9.7% (2015 est.) youth (15-24) 19.1% (2013 est.)

Population below poverty line

15% (2007)

Public debt

73.4% of GDP (2015 est.) 73.8% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

1.6% (2015 est.)

Oman

Political leadership

Oman Sultan Qaboos bin Said al-Said

Sultan Qaboos bin Said al-Said (since 1970)

Land

total: 309,500 sq km

Boundaries

total: 1,374 km

Border countries

Saudi Arabia 676 km, UAE 410 km, Yemen 288 km

Coastline

2,092 km

Population

3,286,936 (includes 40% non-nationals) (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 135)

Age structure

0-14 years: 30.2% 15-64 years: 66.4% 65+ 3.4% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

2.07% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 77.6% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 8.54% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Muscat (capital) 838,000 (2015)

Ethnic groups

Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African

Religions

Muslim 85.9% (majority Ibadhi), Christian 6.5%, Hindu 5.5%, other 2.1% (2010 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 91.1% male: 93.6% female: 85.6% (2015 est.)

GDP

$171.7 billion (2015 est.) $164.6 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

4.4% (2015 est.) 2.9% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$46,200 (2015 est.) $44,300 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

15% (2012 est)

Population below poverty line

N/A

Public debt

7% of GDP (2015 est.) 4.9% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

0.3% (2015 est.)

Palestine

Political leadership

Palestine President Mahmud Abbas

President Mahmoud Abbas (2005-June 2014 West Bank since June 2014 West Bank and Gaza)

Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah (June 2013-June 2014 West Bank; since June 2014 West Bank and Gaza)

Land

West Bank total 5,860 sq km; Note: includes West Bank, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Israel in 1967 Gaza Strip total 360 sq km

Boundaries

Gaza Strip: 62 km West Bank: 404 km

Border countries

West Bank: Israel 307 km, Jordan 97 km; Gaza Strip: Egypt 11 km, Israel 51 km

Coastline

West Bank: 0 km Gaza Strip: 40 km

Population

Gaza Strip: 1,869,055 (2015 est.), country comparison to the world: 152 West Bank: 2,785,366 (2015 est.), country comparison to the world: 142

Age structure

Gaza Strip:
0-14 years: 42.6% 15-64 years: 54.6% 65+ 2.7% (2015 est.)
West Bank:
0-14 years: 33% 15-64 years: 63% 65+ 3.9% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

Gaza Strip: 2.8% (2015 est.) West Bank: 1.95% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Gaza Strip & West Bank Urban population: 75.3% of total population (2015) Rate of urbanisation: 2.8% annual rate of change (2005-2010 est.)

Major cities

Gaza Strip: Gaza City 588,033, Khan Yunis 320,835, Rafah 210,166 (2013 est.) West Bank: East Jerusalem (projected capital) 404,165, Nablus 364,333, Ramallah 328,811 (2013 est.)

Ethnic groups

Gaza Strip: Palestinian Arab West Bank: Palestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%

Religions

Gaza Strip: Muslim 99% (mostly Sunni), Christian 1% West Bank: Muslim 80-85% (mostly Sunni), Jewish 12-14%, Christian 1-2.5%

Languages

Arabic, Hebrew (Jewish settlers), English (widely understood)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write - West Bank and Gaza) total population: 96.5% Male: 97.9% Female: 92.6% (2015)

GDP

West Bank only $21.22 billion (2014 est.) $20.15 billion (2013 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

Gaza Strip -15.2% (2014 est.) 5.6% (2013 est.) West Bank 5.3% (2014 est.) 1% (2013 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

West Bank only $4,300 (2014 est.) $4,400 (2013 est.)

Unemployment rate

Gaza Strip total 43.9% (2014 est.) West Bank total 17.7% (2014 est.) youth (15-24) 41% (2013 est. West Bank and Gaza Strip combined)

Population below poverty line

Gaza Strip: 30% (2011 est.) West Bank: 18% (2011 est.)

Public debt

24.4% of GDP (2014 est.) 23.8% of GDP (2013 est.)

Inflation rate

1.2% (2014 est.)

Qatar

Political leadership

Qatar Emir Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani

Emir Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani (since 25 June 2013)

Prime Minister Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani (since 26 June 2013)

Land

total: 11,586 sq km

Boundaries

total: 60 km

Border countries

Saudi Arabia 60 km

Coastline

563 km

Population

2,194,817 (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 144)

Age structure

0-14 years: 12.5% 15-64 years: 86.7% 65+ 0.89% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

3.07% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 99.2% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 6% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Doha (capital) 718,000 (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab 40%, Indian 18%, Pakistani 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%

Religions

Muslim 77.5%, Christian 8.5%, other 14% (2004 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official), English (commonly used as a second language)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 97.3% male: 97.4% female: 96.8% (2015 est.)

GDP

$324.2 billion (2015 est.) $309.6 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

4.7% (2015 est.) 4% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$145,000 (2015 est.) $138,500 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 0.4% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 1.1% (2013 est.)

Population below poverty line

N/A

Public debt

39.9% of GDP (2015 est.) 31.9% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

1.6% (2015 est.)

Saudi Arabia

Political leadership

Saudi Arabia Prince Charles official visit to Saudi Arabia - 10 Feb 2015

King and Prime Minister Salman bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 23 January 2015)

Crown Prince and Deputy Prime Minister Mohammed bin Nayef bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 29 April 2015)

Land

total: 2,149,690 sq km

Boundaries

total: 4,431 km

Border countries

Iraq 814 km Jordan 744 km Kuwait 222 km
Oman 676 km Qatar 60 km UAE 457 km
Yemen 1,458 km

Coastline

2,640 km

Population

27,752,316 (2015 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 27% 15-64 years: 69.7% 65+ 3.2% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.46% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 83.1% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 2.1% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Riyadh (capital) 6.2 million (2013 est.), Jeddah 4.08 million, Mecca 1.8 million, Medina 1.28 million, al-Dammam 1.06 million (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%

Religions

Muslim (official) 100%

Languages

Arabic (official)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 94.7% male: 97% female: 91.1% (2015 est.)

GDP

$1.679 trillion (2015 est.) $1.625 trillion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

3.3% (2015 est.) 3.6% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$55,400 (2015 est.) $54,200 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 11.4% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 29.5% (2013 est.)

Population below poverty line

NA

Public debt

7.8% of GDP (2015 est.) 9.3% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

2.1% (2015 est.)

Sudan

Political leadership

Sudan

President Omar al Bashir

President Omar al Bashir (since 16 October 1993)

First Vice President Hassan Salih Bakri , Second Vice President Hasabu Abdel Rahmin (both since 3 December 2013)

Land

total: 1,861,484 sq km

Boundaries

total: 6,819 km

Border countries

Central African Republic 174 km, Chad 1403 km, Egypt 1276 km, Eritrea 682 km, Ethiopia 744 km, Libya 382 km, South Sudan 2158 km

Coastline

853 km

Population

36,108,853 (July 2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 38)

Age structure

0-14 years: 40.15% 15-64 years: 56.6% 65+ 3.25% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.72% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 33.8 % of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 2.45% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Khartoum (capital) 5.13 million (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Sudanese Arab 70%, Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fulani

Religions

Sunni Muslim with a small Christian minority

Languages

Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, To Bedawie (Beja language), Fur

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 75.9% male: 83.3% female: 68.6% (2015 est.)

GDP

$167.4 billion (2015 est.) $161.8 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

3.5% (2015 est.) 3.6% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$4,500 (2015 est.) $4,300 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 13.6% (2015 est.)

Population below poverty line

46.5% (2009 est.)

Public debt

72.1% of GDP (2015 est.) 73.4% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

18.2% (2015 est.)

Syria

Political leadership

Syria Bashar al-Assad

President Bashar al-Assad (since 2000)

Prime Minister Imad Khamis (since 3 July 2016)

Land

total: 185,180 sq km Note: includes 1,295 sq km of Israeli-occupied territory (Golan Heights)

Boundaries

total: 2,253 km

Border countries

Iraq 605 km Israel 76 km Jordan 375 km
Lebanon 375 km Turkey 822 km

Coastline

193 km

Population

17,064,854 (2014 est.) (country comparison to the world: 65)

Age structure

0-14 years: 32.5% 15-64 years: 63.5% 65+ 4% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

-0.16% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 57.7% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 1.37% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Aleppo 3.56 million, Damascus (capital) 2.6 million, Homs 1.6 million, Hamah 1.2 million, Latakia 781,000 (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians and other 9.7%

Religions

Sunni Muslim 74%, Alawite, Ismaili and Shia 13%, Christian (various denominations) 10%, Druze 3%

Languages

Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian (widely understood), French, English (somewhat understood)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 86.4% male: 91.7% female: 81% (2015 est.)

GDP

$55.8 billion (2014) $61.9 billion (2013)

GDP Real growth rate

-9.9% (2014 est.) -36.5% (2013 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$5,100 (2011 est.) $5,100 (2010 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 57.7% (2014 est.), youth (15-24) 35.8% (2011 est.)

Population below poverty line

82.5% (2014 est.)

Public debt

57.2% of GDP (2015 est.) 51.1% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

33.6% (2015 est.)

Tunisia

Political leadership

Tunisia

TUNISIA-POLITICS-ELECTION-CAMPAIGN

President Beji Caid Essebsi (since 31 December 2014)

Prime Minister Youssef Chahed (since 27 August 2016)

Land

total: 163,610 sq km

Boundaries

total: 1,424

Border countries

Algeria 965 km, Libya 459 km

Coastline

1,148 km

Population

11,037,225 (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 79)

Age structure

0-14 years: 23% 15-64 years: 68.9% 65+ 8% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

0.89% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 66.8 % of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 1.38% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Tunis (capital) 1.993 million (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%

Religions

Muslim 99% (official), Christian 1%, Jewish (around 6,000)

Languages

Arabic (official), French (commerce), Berber (Tamazight)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 81.8% male: 89.6% female: 74.2% (2015 est.)

GDP

$127.2 billion (2015 est.) $126 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

1% (2015 est.) 2.3% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$11,600 (2015 est.) $11,500 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 15.4% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 37.6% (2012)

Population below poverty line

15.5% (2010)

Public debt

52.6% of GDP (2015 est.) 50.5% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

4.7% (2015 est.)

Turkey

Political leadership

Turkey Erdogan

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (since 10 August 2014)

Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu (since 28 August 2014)

Land

total: 783,562 sq km

Boundaries

total: 2,648 km

Border countries

Armenia 268 km Azerbaijan 9 km Bulgaria 240 km
Georgia 252 km Greece 206 km Iran 499 km
Iraq 352 km Syria 822 km

Coastline

7,200 km

Population

79,414,269 (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 19)

Age structure

0-14 years: 25.5% 15-64 years: 67.5% 65+ 7.1 % (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.26% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 73.4% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 1.97% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Istanbul 14.16 million, Ankara (capital) 4.75 million, Izmir 3.04 million, Bursa 1.9 million, Adana 1.83 million, Gaziantep 1.53 million (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 18%, other minorities 7-12% (2008 est.)

Religions

Muslim (mostly Sunni) 99.8%, other 0.2 % (mostly Christians and Jews)

Languages

Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 95% male: 98.4% female: 91.8% (2015)

GDP

$1.576 trillion (2015 est.) $1.53 trillion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

3% (2015 est.) 2.9% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$20,500 (2015 est.) $19,900 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 10.4% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 18.7% (2013 est.)

Population below poverty line

16.9% (2010 est.)

Public debt

33.1% of GDP (2015 est.) 35% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

7.5% (2015 est.)

United Arab Emirates

Political leadership

United Arab Emirates President Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan

President and Ruler of Abu Dhabi Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (since 3 November 2004)

Vice-President, Prime Minister & Ruler of Dubai Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (since 5 January 2006)

Land

total: 83,600 sq km

Boundaries

total: 867 km

Border countries

Oman 410 km, Saudi Arabia 457 km

Coastline

1,318 km

Population

5,779,760 (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 113) Note: 90% of the population is non-national

Age structure

0-14 years: 20.9% 15-64 years: 78.1% 65+ 1% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

2.6% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 85.5 % of total population (2015 est.) rate of urbanisation: 2.9% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Dubai 2.41 million, Sharjah 1.3 million, Abu Dhabi (capital) 1.15 million (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab 48.1%, South Asian 35.7%, Iranian 5%, Filipino 3.4%, European 2.4%, other 5.4% (2000)

Religions

Muslim (official) 76%, Christian 9%, other (including Buddhist, Hindu) 15%

Languages

Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 93.8% male: 93.1% female: 95.8% (2005 est.)

GDP

$641.9 billion (2015 est.) $623.2 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

3% (2015 est.) 4.6% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$67,000 (2015 est.) $66,300 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 2.1% (2001 est.), youth (15-24) 12.1% (2008 est.)

Population below poverty line

19.5% (2003 est.)

Public debt

52.1% of GDP (2015 est.) 45.4% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

3.7% (2015)

Yemen

Political leadership

Yemen

President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi (since 21 February 2012)

Land

total: 527,968 sq km

Boundaries

total: 1,746 km

Border countries

Oman 288 km, Saudi Arabia 1,458 km

Coastline

1,906 km

Population

26,737,317 (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 48)

Age structure

0-14 years: 41% 15-64 years: 56.2% 65+ 2.7% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

2.47% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 34.6% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 4% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Sanaa (capital) 2.962 million, Aden 882,000 (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans

Religions

Muslim, including Sunni (Shafi'i) and Shia (Zaydi); small numbers of Jews, Christians and Hindus

Languages

Arabic (official)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 70.1% male: 85.1% female: 55% (2015 est.)

GDP

$75.52 billion (2015 est.) $105 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

-28.1% (2015 est.) -0.2% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$2,800 (2015 est.) $3,800 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 27% (2014 est.), youth (15-24) 33.7% (2010 est.)

Population below poverty line

54% (2014 est.)

Public debt

93.5% of GDP (2015 est.) 57.2% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

30% (2015 est.)