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Facts & Figures

Egypt

Political leadership

Egypt President Abdul Fatah al-Sisi President Abd al-Fattah al-Sisi (since 8 June 2014)

Prime Minister Sherif Ismail (since 12 September 2015)

Land

total: 1,001,450 sq km land: 995,450 sq km water: 6,000 sq km

Boundaries

total: 2,665 km 2,665 km

Border countries

Gaza Strip 11 km Israel 266 km
Libya 1,115 km Sudan 1,273 km

Coastline

2,450 km

Population

88,487,396 (July 2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 16)

Age structure

0-14 years: 31.9% 15-64 years: 62.9% 65+: 5.1% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.79% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 43.1% of the total population (2015) Rate of urbanisation: 1.68% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Cairo (capital) 18.772 million, Alexandria 4.778 million (2015)

Ethnic groups

Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4%

Religions

Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%; Coptic 9%; other Christian 1%

Languages

Arabic (official)

Literacy

(Age 15+ can read and write) total population: 73.8% male: 82.2%, female: 65.4% (2015 est.)

GDP

$996 billion (2015 est.) $955.9 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

4.2% (2015 est.) 2.2% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$11,500 (2015 est.) $11,000 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 12.8%, youth (15-24) 34.3% (2015 est.)

Population below poverty line

26.3% (2012)

Public debt

91.7% of GDP (2015 est.) 93.7% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

10.4% (2015 est.)