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Facts & Figures

Bahrain

Political leadership

Bahrain King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa

King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa (since 1999, king since 2002)

Prime Minister Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa (since 1971)

Land

total: 760 sq km

Boundaries

total: 0 km

Border countries

no direct borders sea border countries: Saudi Arabia, Qatar

Coastline

161 km

Population

1,346,613 (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 156)

Age structure

0-14 years: 19.5% 15-64 years: 77.8% 65+: 2.8% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

2.4% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 88.8% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 1.7% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Manama (capital) 411,000 (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Bahraini 46%, non-Bahraini 54% (2010 est.)

Religions

Muslim (Shia and Sunni) 70.3%; Christian 14.5%; other 15.2% (2010 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official), English, Farsi, Urdu

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 95.7% male: 96.9% female: 93.5% (2015 est.)

GDP

$64.9 billion (2015 est.) $62.78 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

3.4% (2015 est.) 4.5% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$51,200 (2015 est.) $49,500 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 4.1% (2014 est.), youth (15-24) 5.3% (2012 est.)

Population below poverty line

N/A

Public debt

66.7% of GDP (2015 est.) 43.8% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

2% (2015 est.)