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Facts & Figures

Algeria

Political leadership

Algeria President Abdelaziz Bouteflika

President Abdelaziz Bouteflika (since 28 april 1999)

Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal (since 28 April 2014)

Land

total: 2,381,741 sq km

Boundaries

total: 6,343 km

Border countries

Libya 982 km Mali 1,376 km Mauritania 463 km
Morocco 1,559 km Niger 956 km Tunisia 965 km
Western Sahara 42 km

Coastline

998 km

Population

39,542,166 (July 2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 34)

Age structure

0-14 years: 28.75% 15-64 years: 65.9% 65+: 5.53% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.84% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 70.7% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 2.77% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities

Algiers (capital) 2.594 million; Oran 858,000 (2015)

Ethnic groups

Arab-Berber 99%, European 1%

Religions

Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99 %, Christian and Jewish 1%

Languages

Arabic (official), French (lingua franca), Berber dialects: Kabylie Berber (Tamazight), Chaouia Berber (Tachawit), Mzab Berber, Tuareg Berber (Tamahaq)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 80.2% male 87.2% female 73.1% (2015 est.)

GDP

$570.6 billion (2015 est.) $554 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

3% (2015 est.) 3.8% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$14,400 (2015 est.) $14,000 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 11% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 24.8% (2013 est.)

Population below poverty line

23% (2006 est.)

Public debt

9.3% of GDP (2015 est.) 7.2% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

8.9% (2012 est.)